Diabetes type 2 is a chronic disease in which either pancreas does not produce enough insulin or body cannot effectively utilized the produced insulin.

Types of Diabetes

There are two major kinds of diabetes, i.e Diabetes type 1 Mellitus and Diabetes type 2 Mellitus. Apart from this a third kind of diabetes, known as Gestational diabetes also develop during pregnancy and ends after delivery of the baby.

Diabetes type 1 Mellitus (DT1M):

It is also called as insulin dependent diabetes. In this case pancreatic beta-cell got damages and do not produces insulin. This is a kind of autoimmune disease. This is more common in the children that is why it is also known as juvenile or childhood diabetes. It accounts for 5-10% of total diabetes.

Diabetes type 2 Mellitus (DT2M):

This is also known as insulin independent diabetes. In these cased pancreatic beta-cell produces enough insulin but cell are unable to utilize it. This is mostly the result of additional body weight and physical laziness. This is more common in adult and it account for 90-95% of total diabetes.

Gestational diabetes:

This is another kind of diabetes which used to found during the pregnancy. After delivery generally mother become normal. It was observed that a women with the history of gestational diabetes as well as their children are at higher risk for developing to type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes insipidus:

It is a rare condition which is not related to diabetes mellitus but has a similar name. In this case kidneys remove too much fluid from your body. Some of the key signs and symptoms of diabetes insipidus includes; extreme thirst, producing large amounts of diluted urine, frequent need to get up to urinate during the night.

Now a days, type 2 diabetes is becoming a major and accelerating public health challenge. Type 2 diabetes patients develops microvascular and macrovascular complications which causes intense psychological and physical distress for both the patients and their carers. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease having effect on glucose metabolism. Type 2 diabetes as a multifaceted condition with complex pathophysiology that involves not just the pancreas and insulin system but also different important organs such as liver, kidneys, gut, muscle, fat cells, and even the brain. 

Symptoms of diabetes


Symptoms of diabetes may occur when arterial blood sugar levels in the body become abnormally elevated. Each type of diabetes has unique symptoms, causes, and treatment options. Some of the very common symptoms noticed before diagnostic of diabetes includes; frequent urination, increased thirst, always feeling hungry, Feeling very tired, Unintentional weight loss, Blurred vision, Slow restorative of cuts and wounds, Tingling, numbness, or discomfort in the hands or feet, Patches of dark skin.

Management of DT2M:

Eating healthy foods

Physical activity

Weight management

Avoiding being sedentary for long periods

Pathophysiology of diabetes type 2:

In diabetics, Hyperglycemia, insulin insensitivity and accumulation of excess fatty acids leads to increase in oxidative stress which different cellular signaling leading to elevation of advanced glycation end-products (AGE) which causes vascular inflammation, vasoconstriction, thrombosis and atherogenesis. 

Causes of diabetes type 2:

DT2M is characterized by insulin resistance and beta cell dysfunction. Insulin resistance is a consequence of obesity whereas role of beta cell dysfunction is less appreciated. Risk factors like genetics, environments and metabolism are interrelated and jointly contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. An individuals are at highest risk with strong family history of diabetes mellitus, age, obesity, and physical inactivity. 

Complications of diabetes type 2

Diabetes causes both microvascular and macrovascular complications in the individuals.

Microvascular (Retinopathy, Nephropathy, and Neuropathy)

Macrovascular (Ischemic heart disease, Peripheral vascular disease, and Cerebrovascular disease).

Diabetes-associated vascular alterations causes anatomic, structural, and functional changes leading to multi-organ dysfunction. Thus both the above complications resulting in organ and tissue damage in approximately one third to one half of the diabetics.

Treatment of diabetes type 2:

Despite a number of advancement in the area of anti-diabetic drugs discovery and therapy there are substantial improvement in diabetes control. At the same time, the number of people with diabetes continues to increase, suggesting further more and more improvement in the current treatment strategies are needed.

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children:

In children DT2M will continue to rise until an effective measures will be taken to avoid obesity in this age group. To ensure that children should advised to take a well-balanced low fat, high fiber, diet, combined with physical activity. This food habit will promote weight loss, improve insulin sensitivity, and decrease the risk of diabetes in them.

Occurrence of type 2 diabetes in male and female

Occurrence of DT2M in male and female depends on their diversities in physiology, culture, lifestyle, environment, and socioeconomic status. Genetic as well as epigenetic mechanisms, nutritional factors and sedentary lifestyle affect risk and difficulties differently in both sexes. Additionally, sex hormones have an immense influence on energy metabolism, body composition, vascular function, and inflammatory responses. Endocrine imbalances will also influence differential response.

Some commonly asked questions and there answers

What is difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent (no insulin are very less insulin production) where type 2 is insulin independent (enough insulin production). Type 1 diabetes is a kind of autoimmune disease. Type 1 diabetes is more common in the kids.

What does diabetes type 2 mean?

During type 2 diabetes means the kind of diabetes where there is enough insulin still the sugar levels is high in the blood. The main reason for it is the insulin insensitivity.

Can Diabetes Type 2 Be Cured?

In the allopathic system of the medicine there’s no diabetes cure, rather diabetes can be treated and controlled. But in the ayurvedic and homeopathic system of the medicine diabetes can be cure. Dr. Biswarooproy Chaudhary and Dr. Promod Tripathi have very good strategies for the curing of the diabetes.

What foods can reverse diabetes?

Dr. Biswarooproy Chaudhary and Dr. Promod Tripathi have very good strategies for the reversing of the diabetes. More can be found here.

How can I get rid of diabetes permanently?

Follow the Dr. Biswarooproy Chaudhary and Dr. Promod Tripathi advice for the reversing of the diabetes. More can be found here.

How do you reverse Type 2 diabetes?

Follow the guidelines of Dr. Biswarooproy Chaudhary and Dr. Promod Tripathi strategies for the reversing of the diabetes. More can be found here

What is the main cause of diabetes?

The main cause of Type 1 diabetes is due to autoimmunity whereas major issue for type 2 diabetes are wrong food habits and sedentary lifestyles.  

Is type 2 diabetes serious?

Continuous high blood sugar level is serious issue. So we can say type 2 diabetes is serious when blood sugar level is too high. But it is less serious than type 1 diabetes because in the type 1 diabetes there is no insulin production for the proper utilization of the blood sugar.

Can losing weight reverse Type 2 diabetes?

Yes, losing extra weight increases the insulin sensitivity, so definitely, losing weight will help in the reversal of the diabetes type 2.

You may find more information about type 2 diabetes here.

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides a general information only. It is in no way a substitute for trained medical practitioner opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. We does not claim obligation for this information.

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